What Is the Governing Law in Dubai

Hear cases where the amount in dispute exceeds 100,000 Dhs. A single judge hears the proceedings. The CFI has exclusive jurisdiction over all civil or commercial matters if they relate to the DIFC, and following the amendment of the applicable law in October 2011, the DIFC courts may also hear cases where the contract in question determines the jurisdiction of the DIFC courts (jurisdiction before the dispute) or if both parties choose to have recourse to the DIFC courts to resolve a dispute that has already arisen. jurisdiction under the Dispute). This is commonly referred to as the “opt-in” jurisdiction. It is essential that these conditions become as important as the substantive provisions of the agreement. If the parties do not agree on the applicable law, this can result in costly and massive lawsuits that decide the relevant law and jurisdiction applicable to the agreement. Corporate Lawyers of Dubai helps many multi-billion dollar companies to conclude tailor-made business agreements before entering into an agreement that meets the requirements of both parties. Since Credit Suisse (Suisse) Limited was not a branch of DIFC, it was common ground that the courts of DIFC did not have jurisdiction under Paragraph 5A(1) of the JAL. The question was whether the parties had chosen the jurisdiction of the DIFC courts under Article 5(A)(2) of the JAL, which requires “specific, clear and explicit provisions”. This required the court to interpret the parties` agreement under United Arab Emirates law (the law applicable to contracts) in order to determine the mutual intent of the parties.

DIFC courts are part of the sovereign structure of the Emirate of Dubai within the United Arab Emirates. In particular, Dubai Act No. 12 of 2004 [2] (`Dubai Act No. 12`) is the applicable law that originally established the DIFC Judicial Authority (including the two DIFC courts, the Court of First Instance and the Court of Appeal). The parties generally consider the law of a particular jurisdiction in which they wish to resolve the dispute. However, this standard can be changed because many courts are willing to apply foreign law to resolve the issue if the parties have expressly agreed to do so. However, the parties should be careful when drafting the contract, as it will often be tedious for the parties to decide which foreign law should be applicable in the event of a dispute. You should also be careful as some jurisdictions do not apply the choice of foreign law, and you should also consider how the court will apply the foreign law. On the contrary, most international arbitration institutions are easily acceptable in the choice of foreign law and have arbitrators who can easily understand foreign law to facilitate the procedure. In accordance with the foregoing, if the courts of the UAE inherit jurisdiction, the applicable law shall be the law of the UAE itself. Accordingly, the court will remove the applicable law and jurisdiction clause from the agreement. After a simple examination of the standard jurisdiction clause above, we conclude that the first step is to determine which institution should have the power to resolve the dispute, which are either courts or arbitration institutions.

Both systems have their advantages and disadvantages, so the parties should determine in advance what should be appropriate for the said issue. He certainly felt that arbitration offers a variety of options and advantages over the courts, which are described as follows: The applicable law was the laws of the Emirate of Dubai and the applicable federal laws of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The parties have agreed, in accordance with clause 17.1 of the Warranty Agreements, that “the courts of Dubai shall have jurisdiction over all disputes arising out of this Warranty”. In principle, the choice of an applicable foreign law is permitted. This choice is confirmed by the courts of the United Arab Emirates, provided that the provisions of foreign law do not conflict with the Islamic Sharia, public order or morality of the United Arab Emirates and that the relationship does not revolve around a number of matters of public order, such as. B rights in rem, employment, registered commercial agency and contracts with government agencies in the United Arab Emirates. National public order, as interpreted in the United Arab Emirates, is very broad and includes, inter alia, issues of personal status, freedom of trade, movement of goods and rules of individual property, provided that these issues do not violate the mandatory provisions and essential principles of islamic Sharia. A significant number of parties incorporate the applicable law into their contracts, according to the International Chamber of Commerce.

A standard clause in the applicable law states that “that law of that country shall govern the agreement”. There are several requirements that must be taken into account before choosing a specific requirement that is listed as follows: What happens if there is no clause on applicable law and jurisdiction in a particular contract? Before the parties have the opportunity to settle the dispute on the merits, the parties must exclusively determine the courts or laws governing the contract, which is a costly and cumbersome decision. The absence of the applicable law and the jurisdiction clause confuses the parties in determining whether or not there is a dispute and leads to unfavourable decisions. The DIFC Courts is an independent English-speaking common law judicial system based at the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC) with expertise in civil and commercial litigation at national, regional and global levels. The courts began their work in 2006. The decision of the law applicable to the contract is an agreement in the contract in which the parties assign the right to a specific jurisdiction to supervise and settle disputes that merge between the parties. In this case, the parties emphasize or stipulate that all claims arising from the contract are governed by the law of a relevant jurisdiction. This decision generally becomes binding on the parties when they refer the case to arbitration. One aspect of the law that has not changed is the freedom of the contracting parties to choose the applicable law of a contract when the contract is concluded in the DIFC.

Section 19d implicitly gives the parties the right to choose a law other than the laws and regulations of the DIFC. A provision of the applicable law in a commercial contract defines the law that governs or governs the contract in the event of a dispute, while the jurisdiction clause determines which courts or international institutions have exclusive jurisdiction to hear the case or settle disputes. However, these clauses are just as important as those of the trade agreements between the parties; They are still neglected in the drafting of the General Terms and Conditions and are considered standard boilerplates at the end of the contract. Enforcement of a foreign arbitral award in the United Arab Emirates is carried out by the courts of the United Arab Emirates and has proven to be effective to some extent. The courts of the United Arab Emirates are guided by the bilateral and multilateral treaties to which they have acceded, including the New York Convention. Notwithstanding the fact that the IGPL was an argument that the parties had agreed to evade the jurisdiction of the DIFC courts when determining whether the parties had agreed to “opt” for the jurisdiction of the DIFC courts, Judge Martin held that the judgment in the IGPL case was particularly relevant, da (a) the relevant agreements are governed by the applicable laws of the United Arab Emirates; (b) the phraseology used in jurisdiction agreements is essentially identical; and (c) at the time of the conclusion of the jurisdiction agreements, one of the parties was a DIFC entity. It therefore considered that the court was required to apply the IGPL`s reasoning to conclude that clause 17.1 of each of the guarantee agreements expressed the mutual intention of the parties at the time of signing the guarantees to confer jurisdiction on all the courts of Dubai, including the DIFC courts. 4 Taaleem PJSC v. (1) National Bonds Corporation PJSC and (2) Deyaar Development PJSC [2010] DIFC TPI 014 The appeal was dismissed. The Court of Appeal confirmed that the parties` jurisdiction clause constitutes a valid agreement for choosing the jurisdiction of the DIFC courts under Article 5(A)(2) of the JAL. While the requirements set out in the Water Code of Civil Procedure are formalistic and considered rather onerous, in recent years the UAE has shown a liberal approach to the application and interpretation of ratification requirements and the enforcement of arbitral awards.

What legislation governs the application of arbitration in the United Arab Emirates? A final and binding judgment rendered by a national court of the United Arab Emirates – with the exception of diFC courts – is not subject to any other judicial review or control, and the judgement creditor may initiate enforcement proceedings once the judgment becomes final and binding (i.e. final). .

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